FAQs
1854 TREATY AUTHORITY
GRAND PORTAGE | BOIS FORTE

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

DO I NEED TO HAVE A STATE LICENSE ON MY WATERCRAFT, ATV, OR SNOWMOBILE WHILE OUT EXERCISING TREATY RIGHTS IN THE CEDED TERRITORY. 

YES! The exercise of treaty rights does not exempt you from having to license your watercraft, ATV, or snowmobile while out in the Ceded Territory.



DO I NEED A PERMIT TO ACCESS THE BOUNDARY WATERS CANOE AREA WILDERNESS?

NO! Band members are not required to obtain a permit to access the BWCAW. Band members are required to have an 1854 ID Card in their possession (and display upon request) to assist Forest Service officals in doing routine permit checks. All members of the party must be Band members (or have a permit) and you are required to abide by all rules prescribed for the wilderness area. Please contact your local USFS office for prescribed rules and regulations.



DO I NEED A STATE PARK PERMIT TO ACCESS STATE PARKS?

NO! Band members are not required to obtain a state park permit to access state parks within the 1854 Treaty Area.  Band members are required to present an 1854 ID Card upon entrance and also display an 1854 State Park Window Cling (available at our office) in the lower drivers' side window of the vehicle while in the park. Band members are required to pay for any "services" that park and/or vendors may provide (i.e. camping, firewood) and must abide by all rules prescribed by the park.

DO I NEED TO ABIDE BY "SPECIAL FISHING REGULATIONS" (i.e. slot limits, minimum lengths, closures, etc) WHILE EXERCISING TREATY RIGHTS ON WATERS WITHIN THE 1854 TREATY AREA?

DEPENDS! Any special regulations that must be adhered to are found in the 1854 Treaty Authority Fishing Seasons flyer  which is approved on an annual basis by the 1854 Board. Practically, that means that if there is a state regulation on a particular body of water, we may or may not have to abide by the same regulation. Again, consult the fishing season flyer to see if the particular body of water you are interested in has a special regulation applicable to it. Since our activities are subsistence based (as opposed to trophy pursuit), we tend to only adopt those special regulations that are required by the state agreement. If there are ever issues that are of a biologically based concern, we would take that into consideration.

CAN I OBTAIN EAGLE PARTS AND FEATHERS FOR RELIGIOUS AND CULTURAL PURPOSES?

YES! But this is a federally permitted process (US FIsh & Wildlife Service) that is not within the scope of our authority. We can assist in obtaining the required forms (CLICK HERE) that must be filled out and submitted to the US Fish & Wildlife Service, but that is the only assistance we can currently provide.

Members may also legally possess feathers and parts without a permit if they are acquired in the wild and are naturally molted or fallen feathers obtained without harm to the birds or their nests. You may also receive feathers or parts from other tribal members so long as it is done without compensation of any kind (except as an exchange of other feathers or parts).

The policy of the federal government is to prosecute those who engage in commercial activities involving federally protected birds and their parts or kill protected birds.

You are advised to read the Department of Justice memo (CLICK HERE) carefully regarding this issue.