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1854 Treaty Authority News

News and information from 1854 Treaty Authority

Wildlife Management Vacancy

Want to join our team? The 1854 Treaty Authority's Resource Management Division is hiring a Wildlife Biologist. This position is responsible for overseeing all wildlife projects including the management of treaty hunting and trapping seasons, assisting in moose population surveys, cooperating in moose habitat projects, coordinating wolf collaring and tracking, conducting annual population surveys (grouse, waterfowl, furbearers, small mammals, loons, owls, etc.), working on wetland/waterfowl restoration projects, consulting and commenting on wildlife projects and policies, among other duties. See the full position description.  

Applications are due Friday May 30th. 

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Newsletter, Ziigwan 2018

The 1854 Treaty Authority’s Ziigwan (spring) newsletter is HOT OFF THE PRESS (…or fresh in your e-mail IN box). It features the announcement of the revised 1854 Ceded Territory Conservation Code – take a spin through the summary of noteworthy changes before hitting the water for fishing opener, Saturday May 12th. Check out new multi-generational opportunities with expansion of those who can travel into the BWCAW without a permit, and although not an 1854 program, review the permitting process to receive eagle parts and feathers. If you know a high school aged youth that is interested in pursuing a career in natural resource management, share the announcement of our summer tribal youth camp with them!

As always, if you have any questions don’t hesitate to give us a call.


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2018 Revisions Complete: 1854 Ceded Territory Conservation Code

2018 revisions of the 1854 Ceded Territory Conservation Code have been completed. This process takes place about every five years and allows us to clarify confusing language, incorporate new provisions, remove unnecessary hindrances to the exercise of treaty rights, and incorporate any new prohibitions needed to protect the resources. We began in March 2017 with open solicitation of band member input, followed by public meetings at all the reservations (and in Duluth). Approved April 24th, 2018, we now have a newly revised code that we believe is a better code.  

The final document is currently at the printers, and will be available for distribution soon - we’ll post locations where you can pick one up on the 1854 website and Facebook page, but suspect the usual places (1854 Duluth-office, Bois Forte DNR, Vermilion Community Center, Grand Portage Trust Lands office, 1854 booths at outreach events and powwows…). Newly updated Code booklets have a BLUE cover, not to be confused with the 2012 canary yellow Code. Find a pdf of the revised code posted here on our website

There are not many substantive changes, although the former standalone Gathering Code has been incorporated into the general Conservation Code. To review the revisions to the 2018 Code, please see the Summary of Changes document, also immediately available online.

If you have any questions or need clarification, please contact an 1854 Conservation Officer:

Clay Rumph, Chief (Grand Marais)               (218) 340-7559

Leo Vidal, Officer (Vermilion area)                (218) 591-3256

Chris Johnson, Officer (North Shore)            (218) 464-8906

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3 Vacancies

Want to join our team? The 1854 Treaty Authority's Resource Management Division is hiring three Biological Aides: an Invasive Species position and two Wild Rice positions. Lead surveillance activities for newly established aquatic invasive species on one of the 1854 Ceded Territory’s 2,540 lakes, or contribute to monitoring the abundance of manoomin on lakes, rivers and restoration sites. Beef up your resume with an enormous amount of experience with our biology management and research programs! Applications are due Friday May 18th. 

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BWCAW Expansion


Grand Portage and Bois Forte band members are not required to obtain a Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness (BWCAW) permit to access the Wilderness. The Superior National Forest’s policy for enrolled band members is to allow access to the BWCAW with a band membership card or 1854 ID card. Other BWCAW rules are to be followed.

Access to the BWCAW without a permit has recently been expanded to include immediate family when accompanying an enrolled band member. Immediate family is defined as a spouse and those of lineal decent, including children and grandchildren. Any other members of the party who are not band members nor immediate family are required to have a BWCAW permit.

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2018 Summer Youth Camp

2018 Summer Youth Camp

The 1854 Treaty Authority has received 2018 Tribal Youth Initiative funding from the BIA to hold a week-long summer youth camp, July 30ththrough August 3rd, 2018. Nenda – Gikendan Noopiming gaye Nibiing (“seeking knowledge in the woods and place of water”) is designed to provide Native American high school students an opportunity to gain hands-on experience in the field of natural resource management, and encourage the pursuit of related college majors and careers. Participants will spendtime in classroom sessions, field trips, and work alongside professionals in fish and game monitoring and survey activities.Incoming 10-12th grade, college-bound students affiliated with a tribe in Minnesota, Michigan and/or Wisconsin, are welcome to apply. 

See the program flyer for more information. 

Download the application materials.


Applications are due May 21st!

(Late submissions will not be accepted)

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Rain Barrels

It is hard for an individual to tackle the concept of climate change, and even more so, what one can do about such a large-scale issue. One result of global climate change is regional drought. Here's your chance to make a small impact in restoring the balance: capture rain water and prevent erosion in urban environments by reducing storm water runoff...with your new rain barrel.

We again have rain barrels, for any Bois Forte and Grand Portage band members: FREE! Like previous years, one rain barrel per person, and it is first come-first served. We have 20 rain barrels available for pick-up at the 1854 Treaty Authority Duluth-office. To reserve yours, contact:

Tyler Kaspar, Environmental Biologist
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
or call the general office number: 218-722-8907

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1854 Hosts Archery in Vermilion

1854 will be hosting a 4-part archery clinic with the Vermilion Youth Center, starting Wednesday April 18th. Participants must be at least 10 years old, and have a signed authorization/release (permission) form - you can download it here, or pick one up at the Center. Read the informational letter, and check out the program flyer below for more information.

The public is welcome to join in the fun, but please drop Marne an email if you intend to do so! We encourage participation through all 4 weeks, as we will build on skills.

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Fish and Wildlife Aide Vacancy

Want to join our team? The 1854 Treaty Authority's Resource Management Division is hiring a Fish and Wildlife Aide. Have the time of your life on an electrofishing boat, enjoy every day outdoors conducting surveys, and beef up your resume with an enormous amount of experience with our biology management and research programs! Applications are due Wednesday April 11th. 

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UMD announces Master's program in Tribal Resource and Environmental Stewardship

The American Indian Studies Department is introducing a new Master of Tribal Resource and Environmental Stewardship program.

It was approved by the University of Minnesota Board of Regents at its February 2018 meeting.

The Master of Tribal Resource and Environmental Stewardship (MTRES) program will be offered primarily online at the beginning of the 2018-19 school year.

“Indian people have a unique, vested interest in the stewardship of natural resources,” explains Profesor Tadd Johnson, the American Indian Studies director of Graduate Studies. “In this new program, students will get an overview of the environment from an indigenous perspective so that they can sustain tribal lands and water for future generations.”

The MTRES curriculum is rooted in the interrelationship between biological, physical and cultural systems as well as environmental policy. “Graduates will be able to provide vigilant oversight of  land, air and water, while advocating for indigenous rights,” says Johnson. Courses include principles of tribal sovereignty, integrated ecosystems stewardship and tribal natural resource economics.

The program is the culmination of collaboration between UMD’s College of Liberal Arts, Swenson College of Science and Engineering, and the College of Education and Human Service Professions, and three years of consultations with regional tribes. “We vetted the ideas with tribal natural resource managers to see what they need to run their departments,” says Johnson. “MTRES is a program designed by Indian tribes for Indian tribes.”

Johnson says the new program is now accepting up to twenty students for the fall of 2018. More information can be found at

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Pathways Internship Program

The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), Office of Trust Services (OTS), is continually seeking scientists and technicians in STEM (science, technical, engineering, mathematics)-related disciplines to protect, conserve, utilize, and manage Indian forest and agricultural lands and resources. They are recruiting for several Internship positions working across various Agriculture and Rangeland Management or Forestry and Wildland Fire Management Programs. Students will receive unique opportunities to raise their awareness of traditional ecological knowledge education and land-management practices in use today by Tribes nation-wide.

*Student Trainee Forestry Position

*Student Trainee Fire Position

All Intern job vacancies announcements are posted to USAJOBS and can be found at…/wor…/unique-hiring-paths/students/


Students must be accepted or enrolled full-time in an accredited college or university and seeking a bachelor’s degree directly related to the position (specified in the announcement) to qualify for the following grade levels:

· GS-2 grade level: Completion of high school or GED diploma

· GS-3 grade level: Completion of 1 academic year of post-high school study

· GS-4 grade level: Completion of 2 academic years of post-high school study or associates degree


· Be at least 18 years of age

· Show they are enrolled in a Federally Recognized Tribe using Form BIA 4432.

· Must be enrolled full-time or accepted for enrollment full-time in an accredited institution

· Seeking a Bachelor's degree specifically related to the position

· Good academic standing (cumulative GPA of 2.0 or higher)

· Complete the 640-hour service requirement

· Must maintain a security clearance

· Sign and maintain a Participant Agreement

· Some positions may also require a medical exam, drug testing, and a valid driver license and specific education certification or degree requirements

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Office Closure, 2/19: President's Day

The 1854 Treaty Authority Duluth-offices will be closed Monday February 19th in honor of the President's Day holiday. We will return to regular business hours, from 8am-4:30pm, on Tuesday, February 20th.

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Vacancy Announcement

Want to join our team? 1854's Education/Outreach Division is hiring a seasonal employee to assist in programming during the summer of 2018.

The Cultural Preservation Aide will be responsible for assisting in a week-long natural resource management recruitment camp for high school aged youth, developing curriculum and teaching of harvest education programs (ie, fishing, wild ricing), and designing a printed material or video media to enhance the understanding of Ojibwe treaty rights and culturally significant resources. See the Vacancy announcement.

Applications are due Friday, March 16th.


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1854 Hosts Archery in Nett Lake

1854 will be hosting a 4-part archery clinic with the Nett Lake Youth Center, starting Thursday March 1st. Participants must be at least 10 years old, and have a signed authorization/release (permission) form - you can download it here, or pick one up at the Center. Read the informational letter, and check out the program flyer below for more information.

The public is welcome to join in the fun, but please drop This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. if you intend to do so! We encourage participation through all 4 weeks, as we will build on skills.

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Classroom Programs

Is your school class or civic group looking for a speaker for an upcoming public event? 1854 Treaty Authority is now booking outreach presentations!

We are happy to come and share information about our management programs that protect, preserve and enhance the culturally significant species on the the landscape, and dispel some of the misconceptions about Chippewa treaty rights.

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Annual Reports

Annual Reports

It's that time of year...when the thermometers drop below zero, and our biologists are busily crunching numbers from all the data they've collected last year. 1854's resource management staff have been pumping out reports of all kinds, from the monitoring efforts of fish habitat in the St. Louis River Estuary, to surveys for larval sturgeon, water quality on various lakes, small mammals, big game and furbearer harvest, moose foraging, and wolves in and around Duluth. 

If it's too cold for you to put a line out, how about curling up by the fire with a good... report??

St. Louis River Estuary Bottom Trawling Survey Summary Report 2017

Larval Lake Sturgeon Survey 2017

2017 St. Louis River Wild Rice Monitoring Report

Moose Browse Project 2017

2017 Wolf Project Report

2017 Small Mammal Survey Report

2017 Big Game and Furbearer Harvest Report

Sandy Lake and Little Sandy Lake Monitoring Report 2017

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Duluth-office Closed: mid-day, Wednesday January 31st

Duluth-office Closed: mid-day, Wednesday January 31st

The 1854 Treaty Authority Duluth-office will be closed mid-day, Wednesday January 31st for the 2018 Annual Meeting. Staff will return to open the office from 2pm through the end of the day, and we will return to normal business hours on Thursday February 1st, from 8am-4:30pm. As always, if you need something give us a call before stopping in!

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Public Notice: Grand Portage Reservation corrected bacteria criteria

Public Notice: Grand Portage Reservation corrected bacteria criteria

The Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa (“the Band”) formally submitted water quality standards (“WQS”) for final action to the US Environmental Protection Agency (“US EPA”) in April, 2017.  The US EPA approved the majority of the WQS in September; however the bacteria criteria were not approved due to inconsistencies in the time period for determining the geometric mean and statistical threshold value. 

The Band has corrected the inconsistency in the criteria and intends to resubmit them to US EPA for final action.  Under the Band’s Water Resources Ordinance and applicable federal regulations, the Band is required to give public notice of these changes and provide an opportunity for interested parties to comment on them.

See the public notice for Grand Portage Reservation’s corrected bacteria criteria.

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Registration Open: First Foods, Winter Series

The 1854 Treaty Authority hosts First Foods, a continuing education/public outreach winter series at our Duluth-office. The intent of this program is to educate the public on traditional and treaty reserved food staples, raising environmental awareness and encouraging the stewardship responsibilities of all who live in the Arrowhead region - a value in-line with cultural beliefs. 

To increase awareness of traditionally harvested resources, of ecological and cultural significance, we are bringing in some of our partners in education to discuss nutrition, research on diet and health, and traditional ecological knowledge, preparation and storage. Workshops on wild fruits, local fish and a food sovereignty project will provide the platform for collaborators and participants to share their knowledge.

Join us as we kick off the first of three workshops, on Tuesday March 13th, at 6pm. (Due to weather, this program was rescheduled from Tuesday February 20th.) Fond du Lac's 13 Moons program coordinator Nikki Crowe will share information on wild fruits and jams, including some ethnobotany with research on diet and diabetes and the importance of knowing how we used plants in the past. These programs are FREE, but space is limited! Register online HERE, or through the QuickLinks on the 1854 Treaty Authority website homepage.

Educators: we can sign off on CEU's to fulfill cultural integration criteria for classroom curriculum. Just ask!

If you have any questions, don't hesitate to contact Cultural Preservation Specialist, Marne Kaeske: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 


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Duluth-office closed: Monday January 15th

The 1854 Treaty Authority Duluth-office will be closed Monday January 15th in observance of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Day. We will return to normal business hours on Tuesday January 16th, from 8am-4:30pm. Stay warm out there!


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