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1854 Treaty Authority News

News and information from 1854 Treaty Authority

Cultural Crafting: Bead Weaving on a Deerskin Bag - REGISTRATION FULL

The 1854 Treaty Authority is hosting Cultural Crafting, a continuing education/public outreach winter series at our Duluth-office.

Registration is now open for the "Bead Weaving: Deerskin Bag" workshop. This event will take place over four Tuesday evenings in January of 2019, from 5:30-8:30pm. Grand Portage traditional artist, Marcie McIntire, joins us to guide participants in creating their own amulet-style bag with lacy-netted embellishment, the way her grandmother taught her. We hope to reach professionals, families and educators in the Duluth area - we would be happy to sign off on educator CEU's!

This program is FREE, but registration is REQUIRED in advance. (Space is limited to 10 participants ONLY!) Register through the QuickLinks on 1854's website.

There is a LOT of interest for our January beading program. Registration is full, as of December 26th, 2018. Miigwech to all who have registered - please stay tuned for e-mail updates as the program approaches.

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Lake Superior Ojibwe Gallery Learning Guide

Hey Teachers!

Are you seeking materials to fulfill cultural curriculum standards? The St. Louis County Historical Society (SLCHS) has put together a Lake Superior Ojibwe learning guide. It was developed as an interpretive supplement to the Ojibwe Gallery in the 4thfloor, St. Louis County Historical Society Museum at the Duluth Depot, but it breaks down a TON of cultural information on its own. The guide includes a historical timeline, explanations of the styles and techniques employed in crafting of moccasins and baskets (items on display at the exhibit), and interpretation of the treaties that changed the way of life for the Ojibwe in the Lake Superior basin. The guide is a practical resource for an introduction to the Ojibwe language, and clarifies why different names are commonly used for the same group of peoples -- “Chippewa, Ojibwe, and Anishinaabeg”. It even comes with a content review “worksheet”!

It is available on the SLCHS website, or download a copy from the 1854 Treaty Authority webpage.

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Newsletter, Biboon 2018/19

The 1854 Treaty Authority’s Biboon (winter) newsletter is HOT OFF THE PRESS (…or fresh in your e-mail IN box). 

This edition highlights some of our resource management work, including an update on the Wolf Project, and dissolved oxygen/ temperature monitoring on Lake Vermilion. Find out about upcoming opportunities, like our Duluth-office winter program series, a reminder for the 2019 youth camp, and classroom presentations offered for tribal schools in February 2019. Check out an article on the different styles and uses of aagim (snowshoes)! 

As always, if you have any questions don’t hesitate to give us a call.



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Online Deer Registration FYI

Have you registered a deer through our online registration system this fall? Please double-check that you received an email confirming your online form submission. Confirmation emails are sent automatically from Google Forms <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>. If you did not receive a confirmation email, please call our office to make sure your online registration went through!

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Bois Forte Heritage Center Event, 11/29

The Bois Forte Heritage Center hosts "Ojibwe, Fire, & Pines", on Thursday November 29th, 2018. Meet at 3pm for a tour of the museum, a presentation, and an evening meal.

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Veterans Day

The 1854 Treaty Authority is honoring Veterans Day on Monday November 12th, and our Duluth-offices will be closed. We will open again to normal business hours on Tuesday November 13th, from 8am-4:30pm.

Chi Miigwech to all who have served!

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Native American Heritage Day


Celebrating Ojibwe history and culture

Duluth, MN, November 24, 2018–The St. Louis County Historical Society, in partnership with the Depot Foundation, the 1854 Treaty Authority, Bois Forte Tribal Council, and the Historic Union Depot Corporation, presents Native American Heritage Day. November is nationally recognized as Native American Heritage Month and this event will seek to celebrate local Ojibwe history, art, and culture.

The event will include food by B&B Market, light refreshments, music by Burntside Lake, children’s activities, as well as artwork by Carl Gawboy. The Lake Superior Ojibwe Gallery will also be unveiling its ‘Storyteller’s Corner’ which showcases a museum-safe, yet realistic, wigwam as an interactive experience for children. Also premiering will be the Society’s Hill of Three Waters mural which is located in the Small Fesler Gallery.

The event will take place in the Great Hall of the St. Louis County Heritage & Arts Center—located in the Depot—at 506 W. Michigan Street. The event will run from 11am to 3pm.

This event is free and open to the public. It is suitable for all ages. Also make sure to check out events happening in the railroad museum!

For a detailed list of activities, or if you would like more information about this event, please visit our Facebook event page @stlouiscountyhistoricalsociety or call 218.733.7586. 

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Cultural Crafting: Archeology of Trade Beads

The 1854 Treaty Authority is hosting Cultural Crafting, a continuing education/public outreach winter series at our Duluth-office.
Registration is now open for the first of three workshops, to be held on Thursday December 13th, at 5:30pm. Dr. Heather Walder joins us to present "Archaeological Research on Trade Beads in the Western Great Lakes". We hope to reach professionals, families and educators in the Duluth area - we would be happy to sign off on educator CEU's!
This program is FREE, but registration is REQUIRED in advance. (Space is limited!) Register through the QuickLinks on 1854's website!

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AICHO 4th Street Market Open House: November 3rd

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Summer Field Biology Opportunity for Native American Students

This program promotes understanding of environmental field biology and how field research is conducted. Native American students are prepared for advanced studies in environmental biology, so they can better manage their lands. Also, it promotes understanding of Native American attitudes towards the environment for non-Native American students, so these can be incorporated into better management. At East, students interact with the Waswagoning cultural center on the Lac du Flambeau Reservation and the Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission, and at West with the Confederated Salish and Kootenai tribal cultural and natural resource departments, as well as through dialogue and collaboration among themselves. 

Tuition, housing, and travel paid, 3 credits/summer, and receive a summer stipend ($5000 East, $5500 West)!!!


The program spans two summers (10 weeks/summer

First Summer: UNDERC-East: Northwoods in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. 

Second Summer: UNDERC-West: Flathead Reservation/National Bison Range in western Montana 


Year 1 at UNDERC-East (May 20– July 26): 8000 acres of lakes, streams, wetlands, and forests owned by Notre Dame and a core site in the National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) that are home to abundant wildlife (including beaver, porcupine, black bear, deer, loon). Course modules include vertebrate ecology, invertebrate ecology, aquatic ecology and forest ecology with each providing background information, field research exercises, and group research projects designed by the class. Five or more weeks are spent by each student designing and conducting their own field research project under direction of faculty or graduate students. Projects have ranged from fish, insect and mammal behavior and ecology to forest, lake and stream ecosystem ecology to local Native American ecosystem use. 

Year 2 at UNDERC-West (June 8 – August 14): More than a million acres on the National Bison Range and Flathead Reservation that includes grasslands, montane forests, streams and lakes that are home to abundant wildlife (including bison, elk, bighorn, and pronghorn). The course includes modules like those at UNDERC-East in wildlife and grassland ecology, montane ecology, and environmental history/Native American ecology (in part during the cross-country drive to and from –West). Each student conducts an independent research project in collaboration with a faculty or graduate student advisor that is more advanced given the skills learned at UNDERC-East. Recent projects have included invasive plant ecology, animal behavior and habitat relationships, grassland, forest, wetland and stream dynamics, and Native American plant and wildlife use. 



• Native American descent 

• Minimum of Sophomore standing and past academic performance 

• Statement of purpose and plans to obtain a degree in the environmental sciences 

Applications are available on the UNDERC website ( Further information can be obtained from the website, or from Dr. Michael Cramer, UNDERC-East Assistant Director (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.), or Dr. David Flagel, UNDERC-West Assistant Director (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.). 

Application deadline is Friday, November 9, 2018. Notification of acceptance will be provided by Monday, December 10, 2018. Acceptance is based on past academic performance and a statement of purpose. Preference is given to students pursuing a career in environmental sciences. Applicants are required to be present for the duration of course.

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Deer (Bow Season) Opener, September 15th

Bow season for deer opens Saturday morning at sunrise in the 1854 Ceded Territory. Don't forget - you have the option to register deer online:…/1FAIpQLSflw-BuUax3fqQiF3…/viewform

Good luck, and be safe out there!!

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Knotweed Survey

Japanese and Bohemian Knotweeds have taken over in the Duluth area. Some Duluth residents love these plants because of their pretty flowers, creating green fences, or is a hot spot for honeybees.  However, these two species have a very dark side…

Knotweed has established in many riparian areas along streams and rivers in Washington State. They cause massive erosion due to the lack of filaments in their knobby roots (which help retail soil and choke out all native vegetation), and by confiscating habitat and food otherwise available to native wildlife (birds, mammals, amphibians, etc). In the United Kingdom, an estimated annual cost of 215 million goes to managing and controlling Japanese Knotweed. It causes damage to buildings and roads by growing through foundations and other structures.  

These knotweeds pose the same threats to Duluth and the rest of the 1854 Ceded Territory.

The Minnesota Department of Agriculture is conducting an online survey to learn the educational needs and barriers to knotweed identification and management in Minnesota. Please consider taking this online survey to help MDA determine what to do with Japanese and Bohemian Knotweeds: 

Japanese Knotweed takes over sections of the Mary’s River Watershed (Corvallis, OR)

Infrastructure damage caused by Japanese Knotweed (United Kingdom)


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Newsletter, Dagwaagin 2018

The 1854 Treaty Authority’s Dagwaagin (autumn) newsletter is HOT OFF THE PRESS (…or fresh in your e-mail IN box). Check out the update on expected ceded territory wild rice harvest, and get the 2018 Manoomin Camp on your calendar!

The newsletter highlights some of the changes to our updated Code that might apply to your fall hunt. Included are all of the 2018 hunting seasons and bag limits, and permit/registration stations. Read up on the some of the good partnership work 1854 is doing with the St. Louis County Historical Society in bringing local Ojibwe culture and history to the public in Duluth. 

As always, if you have any questions don’t hesitate to give us a call.



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Manoomin Camp 2018

Have you always wanted the chance to push pole through a wild rice bed? Or discuss how others have had success in hulling parched rice?

1854 Treaty Authority is hosting Manoomin Camp in partnership with Fond du Lac's 13 Moons program and FDLTCC on Saturday September 8th, from 10am-3pm at Kettle Lake, outside the Duluth-area. We hope you consider joining us!

Plan on making it? Give This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or Nikki a "heads-up"!

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Knotweed Workshop

The roots of this Japanese and Bohemian Knotweed can crack the foundations of buildings! It has already established on properties here and there in Duluth - but you CAN get rid of it!

Join Duluth CISMA at a Field Workshop August 9th at Kingsbury Creek from 1:30 to 3:30pm, to learn about how to treat this nasty invasive species...for good!

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Newsletter, Niibin 2018

The 1854 Treaty Authority’s Niibin (summer) newsletter is HOT OFF THE PRESS (…or fresh in your e-mail IN box). Check out the soon to come 1854 Ceded Territory road signs, 2018 expanded camping opportunities in the Superior National Forest, as well as the new tribal resource and environmental stewardship master’s program at UMD! The newsletter features an update on the great wild rice sulfate debate, personal accounts on berry picking season, and the environmental concerns associated with lead fishing tackle. Make sure to take a peak at our new summer staff, and learn what treaty food is most likely to be on their plate.

As always, if you have any questions don’t hesitate to give us a call.



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1 Week to Submit Applications for Summer Camp!

We want to clear up any misconceptions about our upcoming summer youth camp and see YOU get your application in! Read through our "Summer Camp Q+A", put an end to those looming questions, and submit your application by Monday June 18th.


2018 Summer Youth Camp Q+A:


Q: Does camp cost anything to attend?

A: No! Camp is FREE! All expenses for housing, food and activities are included for the any youth that participates.


Q: Do I have to be enrolled in a tribe to apply and participate in the 1854’s summer youth camp?

A: No! Any youth that is affiliated with a tribe in Michigan, Wisconsin or Minnesota is encouraged to apply, including descendants.


Q: Is Nenda – Gikendan Noopiming gaye Nibiing a day camp?

A: No – 1854’s summer youth camp is an overnight camp. Parents/guardians are only responsible for dropping off and picking up youth participants at 1854’s Duluth office on travel days, Monday July 30thand Friday August 3rd. All other transportation to activities and field sites will be provided.


Q: Where do the participants stay when they attend summer youth camp?

A: Summer youth camp participants will stay at Wolf Ridge Environmental Learning Center in Finland, MN. 


Q: When are applications due?

A: Applications to participate in camp Nenda – Gikendan Noopiming gaye Nibiing are due Monday June 18th.


Q: “I really want to come to this summer camp but I need help on completing my application!”

A: Need help?? Coordinator Marne Kaeske is available and willing to help any interested individuals complete and submit the application – just give her a call: 218-722-8907


Q: “My kid is entering 10thgrade – are they old enough to attend?”

A: Yes! Youth entering 10th through 12th grade are welcome and encouraged to apply to attend summer camp. 


Q: “I can’t drop my youth off for camp, are there any other options for transportation to camp?”

A: Yes! Contact Camp Coordinator Marne Kaeske to discussion options for how to enable your youth to attend: 218-722-8907

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Ticks Galore

The strawberry picking moon means that the ticks are out in the woods in full force! Here at 1854 we want everyone to be safe out there – wear long sleeve shirts, long pants tucked into your socks, and use that bug repellant. Most importantly, take time to inspect your skin for ticks after a day outside.

Check out the interesting research that Associate Professor of UMD’s Medical College, Benjamin Clarke is doing, following the tick population and the spread of lyme’s disease in the 1854 Ceded Territory in this article from the Duluth News Tribune. 

And pick up your tick kit from an 1854 booth at any outreach event this month.

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2018 Summer Youth Camp

2018 Summer Youth Camp

We have extended the deadline for summer youth camp applications! Please help us get the word out: forward on, tell your friends, and connect hard-working youth with this amazing opportunity!

The 1854 Treaty Authority will host Nenda – Gikendan Noopiming gaye Nibiing (“seeking knowledge in the woods and place of water”) July 30th through August 3rd, 2018. This week-long, FREE camp is designed to provide Native American high school students an opportunity to gain hands-on experience in the field of natural resource management, and purse related college majors and careers. Participants will spend time in classroom sessions, field trips, and work alongside professionals in fish and game monitoring and survey activities. Incoming 10-12th grade, college-bound students affiliated with a tribe in Minnesota, Michigan and/or Wisconsin, are welcome to apply.


See the program flyer for more information. 

Download the application materials.

Applications are due June 18th

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Wildlife Management Vacancy

Want to join our team? The 1854 Treaty Authority's Resource Management Division is hiring a Wildlife Biologist. This position is responsible for overseeing all wildlife projects including the management of treaty hunting and trapping seasons, assisting in moose population surveys, cooperating in moose habitat projects, coordinating wolf collaring and tracking, conducting annual population surveys (grouse, waterfowl, furbearers, small mammals, loons, owls, etc.), working on wetland/waterfowl restoration projects, consulting and commenting on wildlife projects and policies, among other duties. See the full position description.  

Applications are due Friday May 30th. 

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