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1854 Treaty Authority News

News and information from 1854 Treaty Authority

The Count Down Begins...

19 days until 1854 Manoominike opener!!!
Ricing season opener is August 15th, AND when the rice is ripe. Follow new wild rice condition updates on all the best ricing spots in the 1854 Ceded Territory. Check updates throughout the season made available by 1854 Resource Management staff: 
Please do your part and don't harvest manoomin before it is fully ripe.
"Wild Rice Waters" article from Places blog: read it HERE

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2021 Ceded Territory Moose Hunt

Applications are due by 4:00pm, August 20th, 2021. Must be postmarked no later than midnight August 20th, 2021 or delivered to 1854 Treaty Authority at 4428 Haines Road, Duluth, MN 55811 by 4:00 pm, August 20th, 2021. Completed applications can also be scanned and submitted by email to Morgan Swingen (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) by 4:00 pm, August 20th, 2021. Late applications will not be included in drawing, NO EXCEPTIONS.

Lottery Drawing will be held August 27th, 2021 (if needed).

1854 Ceded Territory Moose season opens on October 2nd, 2021.

1854 Ceded Territory Moose Hunt Application and Information Booklet

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Treaty Hunters Set to Hit the Woods in Fall of 2021

1854 certified fourteen (14) hunters with their firearm safety/hunter’s education certification on Thursday July 8th, 2021. We can’t thank Bois Forte Boys and Girls Club, Conservation Enforcement, Healthy Hearts, Tobacco Cessation, and Bois Forte Police staff enough for their help making the training a success! For three days after the long 4th of July weekend we gathered in Nett Lake and Vermilion to spend a little time in the classroom, but most of our time was spent outside with 22 rifles, .410 shotguns and compound bows. Congratulations to Mya, TaySean, Jazmine, Talon, Jaden, Angeline, Travon, Maraea, Kaden, Ezra, Zeke, Jase, Simie and Chubs! Happy hunting!
Say it with us…
See all the photos from the training on 1854's Facebook page


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ALERT! Wild Parsnip

ALERT! Beware of Wild Parsnip, currently in full bloom along roadsides and paths in Northeastern Minnesota.
Wild Parsnip is a perennial invasive plant that grows 4-6 feet tall. It is a member of the ‘umbel’ family and is closely related to cow parsnip or queen ann’s lace, but has a yellow flower. It can tolerate dry or wet soils, but does not grow in shady areas.
Wild Parsnip causes phytophotodermatitis – when sap from the wild parsnip comes into contact with human skin in the presence of sunlight, it causes severe rashes and blisters. If you may have been exposed to wild parsnip sap, avoid exposure to sunlight, immediately wash skin with soap and water, and seek medical attention.
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1854 Duluth Offices Closed Monday July 5th

The 1854 Treaty Authority Duluth-offices will be closed on Monday July 5th, in observance of Independence day. We will resume with 8am-4:30pm business hours on Tuesday July 6th.
We wish you all a safe and fun holiday weekend!

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Hot Weather Likely Contributing to Fish Die-offs in Lakes

Spring and summer fish die-offs happen occasionally, and we are getting widespread reports of dead fish following the recent prolonged stretch of hot weather. 

In mid-spring and summer, fish die-offs are often the result of warming water and opportunistic infections that spread in fish populations that are already stressed after the spawning season. Species commonly observed in these die-offs include sunfish, crappies and bullheads, and, occasionally, largemouth bass and northern pike.

If you encounter a large group of dead fish in a lake or a stream, please report them. Calling in a report provides a single point of contact for the incident. An early report also allows timely water sampling or other response actions, if needed. It’s especially helpful to know what fish types and sizes people see in a fish die-off.

More details: DNR fish die off page

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Firearm Safety/Hunter Education Certification Training

1854 is offering firearm safety training for Bois Forte in July. Get registered today!

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3rd Annual Great Lakes Aquatic Invasive Species Landing Blitz

Ann Arbor, Michigan – Hundreds of organizations across the Great Lakes region will be coming together to educate boaters and the public about the risks of spreading aquatic invasive species (AIS) during the third annual Great Lakes AIS Landing Blitz, to be held June 26 to July 4. The event is coordinated annually among state and provincial agencies with the support of the Great Lakes Commission and partner organizations.

As part of the Landing Blitz, volunteers will join paid inspectors at boat launches to educate boaters on how to prevent the spread of AIS, ways to identify AIS, and how to report an AIS discovery. Properly inspecting and cleaning boats, trailers and other equipment helps prevent the spread of AIS, which are recognized as one of the most significant threats to the ecological and economic health of the Great Lakes.

“More than 185 nonnative species are already established in the Great Lakes, many of which are invasive and cause harm,” said Sharon M. Jackson, chair of the Great Lakes Commission and deputy general counsel for Indiana Governor Eric Holcomb. “Progress is being made, but we must continue to work together through successful partnerships like the AIS Landing Blitz to prevent new invasions and reduce the damage from species already here.” 

1854 Treaty Authority Invasive Species staff will be staffed at Rice's Point, on the St. Louis River Estuary on Saturday June 26th. Stop by and get your boat cleaned, see some aquatic invasive species 'up close and personal', and pick up some FREE give-aways!!

Last year’s Great Lakes AIS Landing Blitz reached 128,000 people at over 1,000 public and private boat landings across the region, and an additional 830,000 people engaged with online virtual content and social media about the event. This year, agencies leading the effort will host a hybrid event, continuing to reinstate in-person inspections and outreach in accordance with relevant COVID-19 public health procedures while maintaining an online presence. 

For more information on the Great Lakes AIS Landing Blitz, including educational materials, location, and volunteer opportunities, visit

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2021 NAFWS Youth Practicum

The Native American Fish & Wildlife Society (NAFWS) is excited to announce they are accepting applications for the 2021 NAFWS National Environmental Awareness Summer Youth Practicum (National SYP)! The National SYP is geared towards incoming 10th - 12th grade Native American and Alaskan Native high school students, to engage them with topics of the natural resource fields. The in-person camp will take place July 25 - July 31, 2021 in Estes Park, CO.
The application deadline is Tuesday, June 22 at 6 pm Mountain Time. The application packet includes: application for admission, essay, resume (optional) and waivers/contracts. The flyer and application is available on their website:

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Twin Ports Climate Conversations: Working with Wetlands in a Changing Climate

Tuesday June 15th, 2021, 12:00pm-1:00pm

Laurel Wilson, wetlands specialist for the Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, will give an overview of current waterfowl and herptile monitoring in the 1854 Ceded Territory. In 2020 the Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa and partners began an effort to establish baseline data on waterfowl and herptile populations in wetlands of the 1854 Ceded Territory. The data collected in this project will inform resource managers and improve understanding of population fluctuations happening within changing environmental conditions. Laurel will present preliminary results of one year of data collection and analysis of the survey methods used.

Kyle Magyera, local government outreach specialist for the Wisconsin Wetlands Association, will share information about a unique partnership effort to adapt to the changing climate in northwest Wisconsin. This presentation will highlight reestablishment of the landscape's natural capacity to store and manage water in the Marengo River Watershed of Ashland County, Wisconsin. Kyle will discuss an interdisciplinary, community-driven partnership project developing integrated assessment protocols and strategies to facilitate restoration, reduce flood risks, protect infrastructure and build resilience.

This event is a product of Minnesota Sea Grant's Twin Ports Climate Conversations project and supports our Community Resilience Program.


Image credit: Dave Hoefler.

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Boater Safety with Bois Forte

BBQ and Boating Safety, 5-7pm 

June 22nd, 2021; Vermilion Community Center
June 24th, 2021; Nett Lake RTC
*Register by June 18th! Call/Text Jill: 218-410-3293

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1854 News, Niibin 2021

1854 Treaty Authority's 2021 Niibin (summer) newsletter is NOW AVAILABLE.

It features an update on 1854-Duluth office COVID-19 policy. Check out seasonal reminders, such as how to access treaty camping opportunities in the Superior National Forest, what ‘treaty access’ to the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness entails, and tips on boating safely. Meet our seasonal Resource Management staff, and learn how 1854 is doing our part to educate the 117th congress and the new administration of their trust responsibilities.

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Treaty 101

Need a refresher on the 1854 Treaty and what it means for you? Join the Iron Range 'We Are Water' speaker series Zoom Webinar this Thursday May 27th at 6pm! 1854 Treaty Authority Education/Outreach staff break down some of the misconceptions and interpret the case law that gave rise to our organization and snapshots of how we work to protect the culturally significant resources on ceded lands.


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Minnesota's Aerial Moose Survey

The science behind protecting these gentle giants

Experience the StoryMap HERE




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Bad River Natural Resources Vacancies

The Bad River Band of Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians in hiring a Wetland Specialist and a Water Resources Program Manager (full annoucement through the links - first page ONLY of vacancies below).

Bad River Application for Employment


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1854 ID's in NETT LAKE

We continue our tour, this time to NETT LAKE on Thursday, May 6th. Need to update your 1854 ID card? We will be at the Tribal Government Center from 11am-6pm.
*Please note that 1854 ID cards will not be issued from the 1854 Treaty Authority Duluth-office on Thursday, May 6th.
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Grand Portage Band Website

The Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa recently launched a website! Stay up to date on community, government, employment, tribal programs and land/resources. Click the image below to check it out:

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Tomorrow, 4/29, 12pm-1pm: Science Thursday presents MANOOMIN

Join us for 'Science Thursdays' via Facebook Live! 1854 Biologist, Darren Vogt, shares "all things rice" with The Nature Conservancy of Minnesota.
This Science Thursday will be all about manoomin, also commonly known as wild rice. Manoomin is a culturally significant resource, an important natural food source and a component of a healthy ecosystem. Under the Treaty of 1854, Bands retain the right to hunt, fish and gather in the 1854 Ceded Territory encompassing present-day northeastern Minnesota. The 1854 Treaty Authority is an inter-tribal resource management agency governed by the Bois Forte Band of Chippewa and Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa. Protection of manoomin is an important aspect of work the organization conducts to preserve and enhance treaty rights and resources.
Manoomin is a sacred gift given to the Bands and part of the Ojibwe migration story. Manoomin is an annual plant growing from seed each year and is subjected to numerous threats including changes to water levels and water quality, human disturbances, competing vegetation, and pests and diseases. The 1854 Treaty Authority assists in manoomin conservation through identifying locations of current and historic presence, long-term monitoring of lakes and rivers, and management and restoration activities. Manoomin harvest occurs each season and outreach efforts to tribal and non-tribal harvesters promote proper use of the resource.
Science Thursdays are a monthly series where TNC and partners share their work and findings with anyone and everyone interested in science and conservation work happening on the ground. Science Thursdays will be streamed to Facebook Live – no Zooming required!

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Summer REU experience: Traditional Knowledge In Geoscience: Policy & Research Practices

Eight-week long, stipend-supported, research experience opportunity for undergraduates...

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Need to Update Your 1854 ID?

This spring, 1854 will be doing a 'tour' to each of our Researvations to provide 1854 ID's to enrollees who need them:

  • VERMILION: Thursday April 15th, 9am-4pm (Vermilion Social Center)
  • GRAND PORTAGE: Friday April 30th, noon-6pm; Saturday May 1st, 10am-2pm (Grand Portage Lodge)
  • NETT LAKE: Thursday May 6th, 11am-6pm (Tribal Government Center)

*Don't forget to wear a mask, maintain social distencing, and bring another form of ID

To review 1854's ID policy, visit:

**Read 1854's ID card amendment in response to COVID-19 safety protocols

If you have questions, contact: Marne Kaeske, Cultural Preservation Specialist, 1854 Treaty Authority, 218-722-8907, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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